Climate change is a major threat to human civilization, with two-thirds of global greenhouse gas emissions linked to burning fossil fuels for energy. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns that any delay in global action on adaptation and mitigation could lead to missed opportunities for a habitable and sustainable future.
Despite contributing less than 1% of global carbon emissions, Bangladesh is one of the most climate-vulnerable countries, and without changes, it would see annual economic costs equivalent to 2% of its GDP by 2050, widening to 9.4% by 2100. The country is currently reliant on fossil fuels for energy with gas being the primary source and with coal accounting for almost 7%. However, solar PV and onshore and offshore wind energy costs have dropped by up to 80% in the last decade, making renewable energy increasingly affordable.